Vitiligo is a skin condition characterized by the loss of melanin, which commonly results in a whitish patch on the skin surface. Melanin is a pigment that controls your skin color and hair color.
When the cells in the body that produce melanin die, vitiligo is the result. It is believed that millions of Americans have vitiligo, and it affects people of all races.
Treatment of vitiligo usually aims to equalize skin tone by restoring natural color or wiping out all the skin’s pigment. The approach will vary depending on the patient’s skin type and the severity of the condition.
These drugs include cortisone, and they work particularly well when applied early in the progression of the disease. A cream gets applied to the white patches of skin for a few months and results could be seen within several months.
Fading the skin to equalize the white areas is a practical option when more than half the body is affected by vitiligo. However, the result is permanent and can often result in skin that is overly sensitive to sunlight.